Saturday, February 16, 2013

Lesson 133: Using A 5 Frame Nuc To Support A Hive www.honeybeesonline.com 217-427-2678

Swarm on ladderWe enjoy beekeeping so much. Every part of it is thoroughly enjoyable, even when I’m high atop a ladder carrying down a swarm from a tree barehanded. I’ve done about everything there is to do with bees and it really gets in your blood. It’s a hoot. We love bees.
Hi, thanks for stopping in on our website and learning more about beekeeping. Every where we go people will see the signs on our truck and ask me about bees. Most people tell me that they’ve always wanted to keep bees or that their dad or grandpa kept bees and now they’d like to keep bees too. It is amazing how many people are becoming beekeepers.
June 2012 141 We are David and Sheri Burns and together, with many of our family members, we operate Long Lane Honey Bee Farms, a family beekeeping business dedicated to encourage, assist and educate others in the wonderful experience of keeping honeybees. We’re kind of like the Duck Dynasty people but without the beards, dynasty and ducks. We are the one stop beekeeping shop, providing classes, beekeeping supplies, and even the bees for those who are getting started in keeping honeybees. Perhaps you will be the next one to start.
Today, I want to share several important uses of a 5 frame nuc box. But before I do, let me share 3 things: 1) We have added a third basic beginners class on March 30th. We are also offering classes on March 9th and 23rd, but these classes only have a few openings, so we’ve added March 30th. These classes are all on Saturday from 9am – around 3:30 central time. They are held in our new beekeeping education center. It’s very comfortable and right here on the bee farm. Click here to read more about our beekeeping classes. Since there are many places to take beekeeping classes, we have detailed information as to what you’ll receive from taking one of our classes. Just click on Why Take Our Beekeeping Class
hive Secondly, we are offering $30 Off Our Completely Assembled & Painted Hive. Complete with screen bottom board, two deep hive bodies, 20 wooden deep frames and foundation, one super with 10 wooden super frames and foundation, inner cover and top cover, queen excluder and feeder! This offer is only good through midnight Sunday, February 17th, 2013.
Ebook Thirdly, we are only weeks away from the publication of our E-book on Beekeeping. It’s in its final editing and formatting stage. We are excited about this project and it has bee 5 years in the making. We will keep you posted on when this book will make is debut. This book is a collection of years of working with bees, research and 20 years of beekeeping experience. The book is around 300 pages long with very good pictures.

Lesson 133: Using A 5 Frame Nuc To Support A Hive

5 Frame Nuc3 Today I want to share why it is helpful to own a 5 frame nuc. We use the word nuc because it is short for nucleus, which means a smaller part of a larger hive.  For years, I have been promoting the importance of using a small 5 frame nuc box as a smaller, support hive for a larger hive. So let me start here with the idea of using a small nuc to support a full size hive. How does this work? Here is an easy way to do it. From a full size hive remove 3 or 4 frames in the spring. Make sure you move frames over to the nuc that contain honey, pollen, brood and eggs. The nuc will raise a new queen from the frame of eggs. This will take about three weeks before you have a laying queen, so just be patient. If you move over 3 frames from your larger hive, use two new frames as this will allow the bees to build comb out on the new frames.
5 Frame Nuc1 In three or four weeks, you’ll have a fully operational hive on five frames in your nuc box. The primary help offered by your nuc is that if something ever happens to the queen in your larger hive, you can move the queen from your nuc box into your queenless hive. You will, of course, need to place your nuc queen in a queen cage with a marshmallow covering the opening hole. This will allow the queenless, larger hive time to become familiar with the new queen while they are releasing her by consuming the marshmallow candy. Your nuc will be queenless only a short time because they will immediately start raising a new queen. The reason this is so valuable is because you’ll have access to replace your queen immediately once you discover your larger hive is queenless. And your queen will be a local queen from your area. Often it can take a week or two to order and receive a queen. Since a queen lays 1,000-3,000 eggs a day, the longer you wait for a queen, the less populated your hive becomes. If you wait 14 days for a queen, you will lose 21,000 future bees (1,500 eggs x 14 days). That is equal to two 3 lb packages of bees. $200 worth of bees.  This is especially important because many beekeepers fail to take their hive into winter with a good queen or even a queen at all. This causes the overwintering population of bees to be too low to keep warm, and the hive perishes in the winter with plenty of honey. They simply did not have the full count of bees to keep the hive warm, because of a queen issue. Click here to order our 5 frame nuc.
Another way a 5 frame nuc can be helpful is because it has frames of resources that at any time can be transferred over to a weaker hive. If a larger hive is running short of pollen or honey, a frame can be transferred from the nuc. Or if a weak hive needs a shot in the arm of brood, a frame of brood can be move over.
The 5 frame nucs can be placed anywhere even behind the support hive. In a good year, the smaller nuc must be inspected often. Since there are only 5 frames, you may have to pull out a frame of honey and share it with a weak hive or extract it and fill a couple of jars. Also,  it is fun inspecting the smaller nucs because there are only 5 frames which means it is easier to inspect with only 5 frames. In fact, I think learning to work bees on a 5 frame nuc is always a great way to start. You can use your 5 frame nuc to mentor potential beekeepers. We are often asked to speak at schools and we use a single frame observation hive to take to class. We always go to one of our nucs to pull a frame because with only 5 frames it is easier to find the frame the queen is on. A large hive has 20 brood frames and 10-30 honey frames.
It is also a good idea to have an empty 5 frame nuc available to take to capture a swarm or to move frames out of a hive that is so large it might swarm unless you make a split. Every beekeeper will benefit greatly from having a couple of 5 frame nucs ready to assist you in your beekeeping endeavors.
We use 5 frame nucs in our queen rearing operation. We are in full queen rearing operation by June and our field is sprinkled with hundreds of nuc boxes used as mating nucs and starter hives.
Now, I realize that someone might be thinking about using a 5 frame nuc as a hive all year. Here’s the challenge, it will grow and you’ll need to give them room to expand or they will swarm if they become congested. We do sell additional deep 5 frame boxes that are used to go above the bottom box.  Can you make this a hive? Yes, the challenge will only be that you’ll need to add three or four boxes and a 5 frame nuc is only 9” wide. Our standard Langstroth hive is 16 1/4” wide. So the nuc only has a 9 x 20” base and if you stack 5 boxes on top, it could blow over. You will have to find a way to keep the 5 frame hive secure against the wind if you choose to add 3 or 4 additional boxes on top. One option is to use a tie down strap and secure it to a pallet or use two large tent pegs in the ground to secure your strap to and carry it over the top of the 5 frame hive. Other than this challenge, 5 frame hives work fine.
5 Frame Nuc2 We make our 5 frame nucs exactly as we make our hives. We have a real, screen bottom board, a real inner cover and a real top cover with metal. It is just like a large hive only with 1/2 the number of frames and only 9” wide. Our 5 frame nucs come complete with 5 wooden frames and foundation which is helpful to have as your nuc grows. Our nucs are fully painted and assembled ready to go. Click here to read our full product detail on our 5 frame nucs.
Before we leave you let me invite you to look at our special hive kits that are available. Valentine First,  we've listened to our customers and so many wanted a kit where they could come and pick up their hive and bees and equipment and take a class while they were here all at the same time, the same day. So here it is. May 4th is the date to come and pick it all up and take the class. However, you must order this kit in advance. 1 Completely assembled and painted hive consists of two deep hive bodies, 1 medium super, screen bottom board, inner cover, top cover, 10 wooden frames with super foundation, 20 wooden frames with brood foundation. 1 Equipment special, hat, veil, smoker and a hive tool. 1 3 lb package of bees with queen. A four hour bee class May 4th. To order or to find out more information, click here. We are calling this our Valentine Special. But we also have many other kits available with bees or without bees. Some of our kits do not include bees because people choose to find bee more locally. To see our full catalog of hives, CLICK HERE or go to: http://www.honeybeesonline.com/kitswo.html Freedom For a limited time we are offering our Freedom Kit with bees included. This was extremely popular last season. It comes with two hives, all the equipment like hat/veil/smoker/hive tool/book/smoker fuel/gloves/queen excluder etc. The reason two hives are better than one is if one hive becomes weak, you can share resources between hives. CLICK HERE to see more information on our Freedom Beekeeping Kit. Thanks for joining us today, and please feel free to read through all our lessons online or give us a call and we’ll be glad to answer any questions you might have. 217-427-2678 Visit us online at: www.honeybeesonline.com





Sunday, February 10, 2013

LESSON 132: Start Keeping Bees To Help With Pollinating Our Fruits And Vegetables. www.honeybeesonline.com 217-427-2678

BeewithPollen
Hello, we are David and Sheri Burns of Long Lane Honey Bee Farms. We have a passion for helping more people become beekeepers. The more beekeepers, the more honey bees. And the more honey bees the better assurance we have for adequate pollination of our food. In today’s lesson we’ll learn the importance of honey bees for pollination. But first: What People Ask Most About Beekeeping How many hives should I start with? We recommend two. If one weakens you can share resources between hives. How far a part should my hives be from each other? Bees will know their own individual hive so it really doesn't matter, but we recommend a minimum of 2 feet. Can I save money by using old, used equipment? Used equipment can potentially harbor bacterial spores from diseases for up to 80 years. We strongly recommend starting with new, clean equipment. For our complete list of frequently asked questions, like "Which direction should my hive face?", "How much honey will my hive produce?", "Which feeder is best?", "Should I start with a top bar hive or a traditional Langstroth hive?" Read our full article... Before we begin our lesson, we want to encourage you to consider starting to keep bees or expanding your current apiary. Of course, we would love to have your business. We realize you have many places to purchase your hives or bees, but when you purchase from us, you keep us in business so that we can answer your questions and provide valuable weekly beekeeping lessons. We’ve all been to conferences where popular speakers are flown in and vendors travel and sell us things. But a week later, when the speakers and vendors all fly home, who’s going to help answer your beekeeping questions? Here at Long Lane Honey Bee Farms when you call in, a beekeeper answers the phone to help you with your questions. We value your business. We won’t brush you off or just want to sell you something you don’t really need. Be sure to look through our complete online store for your beekeeping supplies. Some of you have a real interest in our business and family. So let me give you a quick photo rundown of who we are and what we do when we aren’t running the business. Then we’ll get into today’s lesson. SheriAntiqueArk SheriCalantro Shericampfire SheriChristianincockpit SheriFamily Sherihomechurch SheriHomechurch1 SheriJesseKaree Sherimotorcycle Sherirainbow Sherirocket2 SheriRocket3 SheriSeth Sheritrain Sheriwithfamily SheriBeesnnews Shericanning  SheriDavidice Sherieggs SheriMission1 SheriTrout SheriSlipSlide So as you can see we are a pretty average American family, working hard to make a living and still finding time to keep the faith, spend time with family and overall enjoy each day.
DavidSheri Here’s a few things you can do to support our business. 1. Consider sharing our website  www.honeybeesonline.com with some friends or relatives who may be interested in beekeeping. Have them check out our website or give us a call 217-427-2678. 2. Give us a chance to meet your beekeeping needs. We are very ‘proud of the hives that we make. We realize you can go with a large beekeeping company, but we think you’ll enjoy working with our family business. We’d love for you to call in and get to know our daughters Karee and Jennifer, my wife Sheri, or me. Occasionally when all phone lines are ringing you’ll have the privilege of speaking with Karee’s husband Jesse. I’m not sure how we ever ran the business before Jesse joined us. Jesse is alot of fun.
Your online orders or phone in orders energize us. We love hearing your stories as to why you want to keep bees. We are here to help you do it right. Thank you for your business.
Ark I’ll be the keynote speaker this year at the Arkansas Beekeepers Association in Little Rock, March 1-2, 2013. Plan to join us at the UA Cooperative Extension Service auditorium at 2301 S. University Avenue in Little Rock. I’ve got 5 sessions I’m speaking on so it will be worth your time. Visit their website for more information: http://arbeekeepers.org/events.html
LESSON 132: Start Keeping Bees To Help With The Pollination Of Fruits And Vegetables
Proverbs 24:13 says, “Eat honey, my son, for it is good”. Where would we be without our honey bees? Honey bees pollinate foods that are so good for us. Honey bee pollination is essential for many important foods such as: Avocadoes, Mangoes, Kiwifruit, Watermelons, Squash, Cantaloupe, Cucumber, Apples, Blackberry, Raspberry, Plums, Peaches, Pears, Cherries, Almonds, Blueberries, and many others.
Proverbs 16:24 says, “Pleasant words are a honeycomb, sweet to the soul and healing to the bones”. We are rapidly learning of the medicinal value of honey. In addition to honey being good for us, honey bees pollinate most of our fruits and vegetables which leads to a healthy lifestyle. Our food choices without honey bees would be bland, boring and unhealthy. Even if you enjoy a greasy diner, you may not be able to order a cheeseburger because bees pollinate plants that cattle feed on. Without cattle we would have no cheese and no beef. Bees even pollinate coffee trees. Some coffee does not need bees such as Arabica coffee because it is a tetraploid, with 44 chromosomes, and is self-pollinating. Yet, bees do like pollinating coffee trees and honey bees increase coffee bean yields. So you can’t even have a cup of coffee without being thankful for bees.
The reason honey bees have such a valuable impact on pollination is because many crops are monocrops, such as almonds and there are not enough native pollinators to pollinate the thousands of acres of almond trees that need pollinated over a short time period. Native pollinators will fail to adequately pollinate a large crops. Honey bees, however, can be brought in and set in almond groves and apple orchards and fulfill the demand for pollination.
Some say that Albert Einstein said: “If the bee disappears from the surface of the Earth, man would have no more than four years left to live.” He did not actually say that. However, it is certainly true that the quality of life as we know it would certainly disappear without the pollination given by our honey bees. Honey bee pollination has an agricultural value of 15 billion dollars in the US.
What is seldom mentioned is that food that is good for us is growing in demand. And these foods require pollination. The concern is whether or not our pollinators can keep up with the demand. This is why Sheri and I have  made a commitment to help people to become beekeepers. The more beekeepers, the more bees, the more bees the more pollinators and the more fruit and vegetables we can enjoy.
Let me share a quick lesson about how honey bee pollination works. Apple trees, for example, must have honey bees. The fruity part of the apple is formed around the seeds in the center of the apple. Pollen grains transferred and carried by the honey bees help form the seeds and then the fruit forms around the seeds. Bees are attracted to the apple tree flower for nectar. But while they are gathering nectar, they are also gathering and transferring pollen. The apple tree’s male reproductive cells in the form of pollen are transferred to the female reproductive part of a flower known as the stigma. Most apples trees have to be cross pollinated.
An effective method of the pollination of apple trees is to provide adequate cross pollination of atleast two different varieties of the same type of tree. In apple orchards crabapples are often used. If pollination of an apple tree is poor, it will produce less apples to maturity, misshaped or smaller apples, or apples will drop prior to harvest.
Did you know that California requires one half of all hives in the US to be shipped out to pollinate their Almonds for a yearly $2.3 billion dollar crop? By the way, almonds are said to be good for us.
class3When we had our beginner’s class yesterday (Saturday in our new education center) several people mentioned to us that they simply want to start keeping bees to increase pollination in their area. One gentleman said he didn’t care if he got any honey or not, he just thinks we need more bees. That’s a great attitude.
Do you realize the pollination potential that one hive on your property would have in your area?  From your colony foragers would fly up to 3 miles to gather nectar and pollinate. That means a 3 mile radius around your house or alittle over 12,000 acres. Wow, your colony would have a huge pollination impact in your area. We just don’t see bees like we use to. When I was growing up back in the 60s in Memphis our back yard was full of bees on clover, even in the city. You can’t hardly find a bee out there any more. It is sad. But the good news is we have the power to do something about it. Maybe you’ve always wanted to keep bees and finally, you’re going to do it. Good for you.
We still have a hand full of openings in our March 9th and 23rd beginners classes. CLICK HERE for more information on our upcoming classes.
Before we leave  you let me invite you to look at our special hive kits that are available. Some are with bees included and some are without bees. Some of our kits do not include bees because people choose to find bee more locally. To see our full catalog of hives, CLICK HERE or go to: http://www.honeybeesonline.com/kitswo.html
Freedom Here’s the set up I would recommend and I’ll tell you why. For a limited time we are offering our Freedom Kit with bees included. This was extremely popular last season. It comes with two hives, all the equipment like hat/veil/smoker/hive tool/book/smoker fuel/gloves/queen excluder etc. The reason two hives are better than one is if one hive becomes weak, you can share resources between hives. CLICK HERE to see more information on our Freedom Beekeeping Kit.
Thanks for joining us today, and please feel free to read through all our lessons online or give us a call and we’ll be glad to answer any questions you might have. 217-427-2678
Visit us online at: www.honeybeesonline.com










Sunday, February 3, 2013

Lesson 131: How Do Bees Make Honey? www.honeybeesonline.com 217-427-2678

DavidSheri
We find beekeeping to be a hoot! More and more people are entering the exciting hobby of beekeeping. Some become beekeepers to sell honey, others keep bees to help pollinate their gardens and orchards Others keep bees simply to stop the decline in honey bees. Without honey bees we will suffer a loss in fruits and vegetables we so enjoy. One out of three bites of food is attributed to the pollination of a honey bee. We need more beekeepers.
There are additional benefits in keeping bees. Keeping bees can be educational, relaxing and financially rewarding.  Almost daily someone will call us and tell us they are interested in keeping bees. Sometimes, these are people who want to be an urban beekeeper and keep bees on their balcony or in their backyard. Others have bought more land or a farm and are seeking to be more self-sufficient and want to use a more natural sweetener while increasing the pollination of their raised beds or gardens. 
Hello, we are David and Sheri Burns and thanks for stopping by our blog. We are beekeepers and we operate our family business called Long Lane Honey Bee Farms. We live in central Illinois down a long lane scattered with bee hives. We manufacture beekeeping equipment, sell bees and queens, teach beekeeping classes, remove hives from homes and buildings and more. We do everything associated with bees. It’s out hope that we can encourage you to consider becoming a beekeeper, or if you are a beekeeper we hope we can help guide you to become more successful. We appreciate your business and we know you have lots of choices where to purchase  your beekeeping supplies. We appreciate you choosing our hard working family to meet your beekeeping needs. Thank  you in advance.
We have openings in our March 9th and our March 23rd Beginning Beekeeping Classes. Click here for more information These classes are filling up quickly, so register soon to ensure you reserve your spot.
In today’s lesson, let’s examine exactly how the bees make honey. It’s probably different than you thought. But before we begin today’s lesson, I want to bring you up to date on what’s going on with our business and family.
Avery1 Sheri and I just had our 6th granddaughter! My oldest son David and his wife Nikki gave birth to healthy Avery. My son David was instrumental in helping start our business. In those humble beginning days, David and I did everything ourselves. It was a much smaller business, but it was amazing how we invented processes and designed equipment most of which we are still using today, with improvements and expansions of course. Congratulations David and Nikki.
SethGrad Our middle son Seth became a Marine back in October and last week he graduated from the School of Infantry at Camp Pendleton. He’s now at Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms, California…the Mojave desert. Sheri and I flew out to his recent graduation and enjoyed trading an Illinois winter for the wonderful weather of southern California.
MotorcycleCA Our visit with Seth was brief but Sheri and I enjoyed soaking up some vitamin D. Sheri and I are big into motorcycling, so we rented a Harley Electra Glide and road up into the mountains until we got too cold and had to come down. The San Diego area can be pretty congested for us rural Illinoisans, so I gave Sheri a ride of her life flying through 7 lanes of rush hour traffic. In California, it is legal for motorcyclists to ride between cars.
Valentine Sheri came up with a great hive kit special while we were out in California. I’m calling it Sheri’s Valentine Special. It’s a completely assembled and painted hive, a package of bees with a queen,  and an equipment kit that includes a smoker, hive tool, hat and veil. That’s not all. It also includes a 4 hour beekeeping class. Click here for more information on Sheri’s Valentine Special.
NOTICE: We are almost sold out of individual packages of bees. If you are still hoping to buy a package for pickup, you’ll need to call us this week. We are saving packages that are included with our hive kits. 217-427-2678.
Nuc There is a big emphasis on purchasing local nucs. A  nuc is when you take out the heart of a hive, usually 4 or 5 frames of bees, honey and pollen, brood in various stages and the queen. We have just a few left so if you want to purchase a nuc, click here. Pickup only, of course. Many people prefer a nuc because there is less chance the hive will abscond when being installed in a hive (frames being transferred) and the queen is already accepted and has been laying for some time. Here is a picture of a nuc with the top removed so you can see the bees. You transport your nuc home, and then transfer your 4 frames over to your new hive. Click here to order now. Only a few left.
Freeshipping BLOGGER READERS SPECIAL
On Wednesday February 6th we are offering free shipping on our completely assembled and painted hive. However you must call in to receive free shipping and use COUPON CODE Z478C. This is our way of thanking your for being one of our blogger followers. Just give us a call this Wednesday 8:30am – 4:30pm central time. This offer only applies toward the purchase of one completely assemble hive, item #1 Click Here To Review Hive

LESSON 131: HOW DO BEES MAKE HONEY?

What is honey? We know that honey comes from a honey bee hive. But exactly what is involved in making that delicious sweetener from the hive? honeyjar Honey is largely nectar gathered from flowers and carried into the hive. However, there is much more that goes into making honey. It takes ten pounds of nectar to make one pound of honey. Similar to the way maple syrup is made, the moisture must be evaporated from nectar so that it can become honey. It isn't called honey until the bees reduce the moisture content to around 18% and add some enzymes to it. To better help you understand the whole process, let’s start with a drop of nectar on a flower and let’s follow a bee as she gathers the nectar. Around the age of 23 days old, a honey bee is old enough to begin flying out of the hive to gather nectar, pollen, water and propolis. Prior to day 23 she has been restricted by age to in house hive duties. First, she takes orientation flights around the hive so she can remember how to find her way back from a long flight out. We refer to bees that fly and gather resources as foragers. Now that she knows her hive location, she works her way to the dance floor where an experienced forager is passing out samples of nectar that she has just gathered from a flower. And she is doing the waggle dance, a figure eight dance that directs other foragers to the location of the nectar source. For more information on the waggle dance (video) click here. beeflying The waggle dance reveals the distance to the flower, a sample of the nectar and the direction of flight. Once our new forager has her flight path laid in, away she goes with one mission, to find the location, fill her honey stomach with nectar and when full, return to the hive. While she is gathering nectar, the flower awards her with pollen which she will store on her back legs for the flight home. Both pollen and nectar are the colony’s main food source. She will fly back to her hive fully loaded with 80% of her body weight in pollen and honey. That’s the equivalent of a 200 pound man carrying 160 pounds, for miles! Once our forager arrives back at her hive, she must unload her surplus. She is met by a house bee on transport duty. The forager will deflate her honey stomach just enough to dispense a droplet at a time through her tongue, giving the house bee a droplet of nectar. The house bee begins to work the droplet in her mouth pieces for about 20 minutes which helps in the drying process. She also will add enzymes to the nectar which helps break down the complex sugars into simple sugars as well as protecting it from bacteria. The transport house bee will carry the droplet of nectar up to the honey comb that is currently being filled by other transport bees. The droplet is then placed in an opened cell. Other house bees fan their wings at 11,400 times per minute to help evaporate the moisture from the nectar. Once the nectar reaches a moisture content of around 18%, more house bees will seal over the comb with wax. The reason honey is sealed with wax is the same reason we can our food. It will preserve the honey, keeping additional moisture from being absorbed into the honey. BeewithPollen Honey Gathering Bullet Facts:
  • Drones (male bees) and queens do not gather nectar. Only the mature, female worker bees forage for resources.
  • All raw honey will eventually crystallize.
  • Crystallized honey is very good to eat, but it can be re-liquefied when heated to 104 (f) degrees. Heating over 104 (f) degrees can damage the taste and reduce healthy enzymes.
  • Honey will crystallize fastest between 55 (f) – 63 (f) degrees.
  • Honey is not likely to crystallize if it is kept below 40 (f) or above 104 (f) as this is the temperature in which the crystals melt.
See what awaits you as you become a beekeeper. We offer free online beekeeping lessons, video, podcasts, beekeeping supplies and bees and queens. Thanks for joining us for another lesson in beekeeping. Please let others know about these lessons and our business. We appreciate you spreading the word! TipJarYour donations help us continue our work and research on the honey bee, such as our recent development of our Winter-Bee-Kind. These lessons are free and will provide you with as much if not more information than you would find in a $30 book. So consider making a $30 donation so that we might continue these lessons, CLICK HERE TO DONATE $30 or go to:
http://www.honeybeesonline.com/servlet/Detail?no=144
Thank you in advance.
David and Sheri Burns
Long Lane Honey Bee Farms
217-427-2678
Website: www.honeybeesonline.com
 facebooktwitter iconYoutube